Shedule Plan



  • Day 1,
    May 01, 2023
Samar Asad
Shih Chien University, Taiwan University
Title : How can Low-Cost Sustainable Architecture and Sustainable Practices help Control Pollution and Manage Waste Effectively?

Environment and architecture have a deep-rooted connection with each other. The aim of this study is to use architectural knowledge to build homes that are environmentally sustainable. In this study, economic, climatic, cultural aspects have been taken into consideration while designing the prototype houses in both the climatic zones i.e. Semi-arid (Tharparkar Desert) and Alpine zones (Gilgit Baltistan). For both zones, sustainable architectural design was fabricated that included all the aspects of sustainability i.e. structure efficiency, materials and energy efficiency, water efficiency and reduction of waste. Orientation of the houses has been done such that the house receives minimum solar radiation in semi-arid zones and maximum solar radiation in alpines zones. Sunrooms have been incorporated in the house plan that can help in effective ventilation and maximization of solar energy for Gilgit Baltistan respectively. The materials used for semi-arid and alpine areas are regional, sustainable, and cost-effective which employs less intensive labor and are energy efficient.
Techniques of simple rainwater harvesting system and solar water pump have been introduced for domestic purposes using the materials that are readily available in those areas. These techniques were introduced with an aim to help cope with the problems of water scarcity and drought in Tharparkar Desert and for conserving and utilizing rainwater efficiently in Gilgit Baltistan.  Furthermore, in this research, the technique of eco-toilets has also been incorporated that aims to eradicate the problem of defecating in the fields and techniques to convert the waste into compost that can fertilize soil. These prototype houses can ensure a better lifestyle for these people keeping in view their economic conditions and the health and comfort of the occupants in mind.

Jiamei Zhang
Sakarya University, Turkey University
Title : Partition, sources and risk assessment of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water, sediment, and soil from the middle reach of Huai River

The distribution of 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water, sediment and soil samples from the middle reach of Huai River were analyzed by a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The total concentration of Σ16PAHs ranged from 783.83 to 1475 ng/L in water, 552.48 to 1199.57 ng/g dw (dry weight) in sediment, and from 498.85 to 1322.83 ng/g dw in soil. The spatial distributions of Σ16PAHs revealed that PAHs contamination in water, sediment, and soil from the middle reach of Huai River were at the midpoint of the global ranges. Along the vertical profiles of water column, higher Σ16PAHs levels were seen in surface and bottom layers. The PAHs distribution in each depth of water column is found to be controlled by organic carbon, but the correlations between PAHs and organic carbon were not observed in sediment and soil. We observed that no correlations existed between particulate-water partition coefficient (Kow) and organic carbon between water and sediment system. The principal component analysis suggests that coal combustion and refined petroleum products combustion were the primary PAHs contributors in the studied water, sediment, and soil. The risk assessment of PAHs indicated that PAHs contamination in sediment-soil system might list as middle levels, but high ecological risk of PAHs in water column.
 

Pavani Kumari
University of South Florida, USA University
Title : Partition, sources and risk assessment of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water, sediment, and soil from the middle reach of Huai River

The distribution of 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water, sediment and soil samples from the middle reach of Huai River were analyzed by a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The total concentration of Σ16PAHs ranged from 783.83 to 1475 ng/L in water, 552.48 to 1199.57 ng/g dw (dry weight) in sediment, and from 498.85 to 1322.83 ng/g dw in soil. The spatial distributions of Σ16PAHs revealed that PAHs contamination in water, sediment, and soil from the middle reach of Huai River were at the midpoint of the global ranges. Along the vertical profiles of water column, higher Σ16PAHs levels were seen in surface and bottom layers. The PAHs distribution in each depth of water column is found to be controlled by organic carbon, but the correlations between PAHs and organic carbon were not observed in sediment and soil. We observed that no correlations existed between particulate-water partition coefficient (Kow) and organic carbon between water and sediment system. The principal component analysis suggests that coal combustion and refined petroleum products combustion were the primary PAHs contributors in the studied water, sediment, and soil. The risk assessment of PAHs indicated that PAHs contamination in sediment-soil system might list as middle levels, but high ecological risk of PAHs in water column.

 

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